Monday, April 19, 2010

Al targhib wat tarhib (Encouragement & Warning)


Alhamdulillah wa shukrulillah, yesterday Shaykh Fahmi Zamzam al-Maliki led the jemaah at KL Ba'alawi to a new kitab (book) called Al targhib wal tarhib.

Al targhib means encouragement and wat tarhib means warning. The kitab was originally written by Imam al-Munziri (581 - 656 Hijriah) but the one that Shaykh Fahmi used was actually an abridged version authored by As-Sayyid 'Alawi al-Maliki (the father of As-Sayyid Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Maliki whom he referred to lovingly as Abuya).

Al targhib wat tarhib is a book containing selected hadith that encourage (targhib) the readers to do good and hadith that serves to warn (tarhib) us  from doing anything bad.
The original kitab Al targhib wal tarhib written by Imam al-Munziri comes in 4 huge volumes. Some scholars have summarized it while others wrote explanatory kitabs on it. As-Sayyid Alawi al-Maliki had written a sharah (notes) of one summarized version of the original kitab. Sayyid Alawi had used the text to teach at Madrasah al-Falah in Makkah.

Shaykh Fahmi started his lecture on the subject of taqwa.
The best of all garments or adornments is taqwa. The khatib during Friday prayers would always remind the jemaah to increase taqwa by adhering to God's commandment and leaving the munkar (the forbidden). There are actually four things that you must do:
i. Do what is required by Allah zahir-wise e.g. as salat, fasting
ii. Do what is required by Allah bathin-wise e.g. shukur (thankfulness), sabr (patience)
iii. Avoid doing what is forbidden in zahir terms such as zina (unlawful sex), stealing
iv. Avoid doing what is forbidden in bathin terms such as takabbur (pride), ujub (self-glorification)

For example, if you missed your salat, you will end up getting 15 punishments - five in dunya, five in the grave and 5 in akhira.

(To be continued InshaAllah)  

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