Friday, January 7, 2011

Shaykh Salman An-Nadwi on Hijrah Nabawiyah (Prophetic Migration)


Shaykh Salman Al-Hussaini An-Nadwi was at Ba'Alawi KL last Tuesday. He addressed the jemaah speaking in Arabic with much enthusiasm. His voice was loud and forceful. Shaykh Fahmi Zamzam Al-Maliki, his long time mureed acted as interpreter. Shaykh Fahmi was clearly delighted that his guru could visit so soon since his first trip to Malaysia three months ago. 

Shaykh Salman said:
I am happy to be here again for the second time, to come to this house whose owner loves to welcome and entertain their guests. The last time we met, we had a majlis on ijazah and sanad of hadith. This time around we shall speak on iktibar (lessons) from the Prophet's migration (hijrah). Speaking of the Prophet's hijrah, we cannot avoid but touch a little bit about his life and events surrounding his life that serve as lessons for generations of the past, present and future.

Hijrah literally means 'avoid'. One should avoid/leave anything that is dirty - war rujza. Rasulullah said, 'As a child I hated/disapproved idol worshipping' [as it is something dirty]. Therefore, we must strive to keep our faith [avoiding shirk/polytheism]. The prophets (anbiya) were all protected by Allah from falling into such grave error.

During Prophet Muhammad's hijrah, Allah commanded him to be patient about the harsh words of the kaffir Quraish and to migrate from them in a good manner. The Prophet had been kind towards the kaffir Quraish. Likewise, we must treat people well even if they mistreated us.

Hijrah means leaving/giving up on all that Allah and Rasul forbid. One should not hijrah, migrate for the sake of money or whatever, except for Allah's redha (mercy). There is a hadith that one will eventually get the rewards of hijrah according to one's own intention. Hijrah is a sunnah. Prophet Ibrahim made a hijrah to Iraq. Prophet Musa migrated to Palestine. The prophets during the old days migrated with the intention to leave the mushrikin behind. They became separated from their people/followers. But that was not the case for Prophet Muhammad. His hijrah was different in that he migrated with an intention to strategize before he could return to the place. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w was very concerned about his people. He was grief-stricken thinking about those who could not yet accept his message. So his migration was a well-thought out strategy for bigger success. The Quraish had not been receptive of his dakwah. They didn't like the fact that they had to do without their idols. Prophet Muhammad had to patiently face their resistance and objection for three years. And later when he migrated to Ta'if, he became the target for ridicule and criticism. His patience and tolerance were eventually rewarded with the events of Israk Mikraj and the wonderful reception by Auz and Khazraj who welcomed him with bay'at (pledge of allegiance). Then came the victorious migration to Madinah, a holy place that was well protected. 

From the events of his hijrah, we learned about some of his mukjizat. On the night when he was supposed to be murdered, he safely escaped the Quraish who had cordoned off his house. All he did was recite verses from Surah Yaasin. We also learned about him making an effort and have tawakkal at the same time. He placed his trust in Allah while hiding at the Tsur Cave.

Surakah had tried to kill the Prophet but each time he made an attempt, he couldn't. Rasulullulah in the end forgave Surakah and told him that he would one day wear a bangle of King Kisra. When the day came to pass, Saidina Umar made Surakah parade around Madinah showing off the bangle hence the truth of Prophet Muhammad's words.

O people, your hijrah begins with yourself and your families. Leave all maksiat (sins) and munkar (the forbidden). Leave anything that could incur the wrath of Allah. When we make a hijrah, Allah will give us what He had given to the anbiya (the prophets) and Rasulullah s.a.w.


Wallahu a'lam. May I be forgiven for any errors in my note taking.
The majlis was graciously hosted by Sis. Ina and Bro. Ben.
For Lisan al-Din posting on Shaykh Salman's lecture during his first trip to KL click here


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