Monday, January 18, 2016

Today's present | Notes from lectures by Shaykh Dr Hisham Kamil Al-Azhari on Kitab Matan Al-Manzumah Al-Baiquniyyah (Mustolah Hadith)


Alhamdulillahi hamdan yuwafi niámahu wa yukafi u mazidah

YaHuuuuu YaHuuuuu YaHuuuuuu....
I should say YaHuuuu a hundred times for the present the Generous Lord has sent me today. Masjid Hussain at Seremban 2 is witness yet again. I am loving this beautiful masjid more and more. A super kind Muslim tycoon had donated millions of dollars to build this simple but chic mosque, named after his father. Masha Allah!

Dawra kitab and ijazah ceremony
by Shaykh Dr Hisham Kamil al-Azhari
held at Masjid Hussain in Seremban 2
17 & 18 January 2016
[Seremban 2 is about 1 hour drive south of KL]
Because Shaykh Dr Hisham Kamil Hamid Musa al-Azhari told the class to share what we have learned from him yesterday and today about the types of hadith, so here is my small sharing, because I love you : )

Shaykh Dr Hisham also gave ijazah for one well known hadith attributed to Muadz bin Jabal. I've lost count how many times I have received ijazah of this hadith. Alhamdulillah that's a good sign I think. But I should record them really. For those of you who are not familiar, it is the one where Prophet Muhammad salallahalaihi wasalam taught Muadz bin Jabal the recitation to make after each solah. The one in which the Prophet began his speech to Muadz by saying: "Verily I love you...." 

Shaykh Dr Hisham Kamil [who is two years younger than me : )] is presently the imam and khatib at Masjid Al-Zahir Baibars in Cairo, Egypt. He is a graduate of Al Azhar University, and obtained a Master's degree and PhD from John Henver Institute, UK. He is a murid of Dr Ali Jum'ah (Egypt's former mufti) and Shaykh Ismail Shadiq (former imam at Al Azhar Mosque) among other notable Al Azhari shuyukh in Egypt.

Shaykh Dr Hisham appeared pretty relax and cool when he was teaching. His lecture was interspersed with jokes. One student asked if it's acceptable to learn/take ijazah from a guru via recordings i.e. audio tapes etc. Dr Hisham joked: "No, unless it's a Sony and not Samsung." LOL. But of course the answer is no.

On a serious note, we were taught Kitab Matan Al Manzumah Al Baiquniyyah. OK wait, don't get discouraged now. Like many of you, I know very little Arabic. It is actually a small but pertinent booklet containing the fundamentals of hadith summarized in a poetry format - 34 lines of poetry to be exact. The kitab was written by al-Baiquni who died circa 1080H. It's an old kitab which is read by countless students to this day.

By fundamentals of hadith, we mean types of hadith. There are 32 categories of hadith defined in the booklet. This is like ''The Basic of Hadith" or "Hadith 101" in a concise format. 

OK, now let me try to recap what I learned and summarized my notes and the kitab for you, because Shaykh Dr Hisham asked us to do so.

Types of hadith

1. Hadith Sahih 
Five conditions for a hadith to be sahih
(i) there is a sanad/continuous chain of narration.
(ii) there is no shadz (strangeness) about it. 
(iii) there is no illat (flaw) in it. 
(iv) the narrator is adil (Six conditions to be adil: Islam, baligh, mature thinking, does not commit major sins, does not continually commit minor sins, does not involve oneself in fasiq behaviors demeaning oneself) 
(v) the narrator is dhabit (has good memory).

2. Hadith Hassan (sanad/chain of narration is well known but the narrators are not as well known as hadith sahih and it lacks a bit as far as shadz and ilat are concerned.)
3. Hadith Dhaif (any hadith that is of lesser degree than hadith hassan.)
4. Hadith Marfu' (hadith that traces back to the Prophet s.a.w)
5. Hadith Maqthu' (hadith that traces back through the tabi'ín)
6. Hadith Musnad (hadith in which its chain of narration from the narrator to the Prophet is not broken)
7. Hadith Muttasil (the narrators heard one another and the chain of narrations reached the Prophet)
8. Hadith Musalsal (hadith that is narrated with certain conditions e.g. narrated while standing or smiling afterwards)
9. Hadith Aziz (narrated by two or three narrators)
10. Hadith Masyhur (narrated by more than three narrators)
11. Hadith Mu án án (narrated with the sayings án...án...án)
12. Hadith Mubham (hadith in which some names in the contents/chain have not been mentioned)
13. Hadith Aliy (number of narrators in the chain of narration is few) 
14. Hadith Naazil (many narrators involved/long chain)
15. Hadith Mauquf (hadith that traces back to sahabi in actions or words)
16. Hadith Mursal (some of narrators/sahabi in the chain of narrations died/were dropped)
17. Hadith Gharib (narrated by only one narrator)
18. Hadith Munqathi' (hadith that is unconnected/narrators dropped but not in sequence)
19. Hadith Mu'dhal (hadith in which two narrators were dropped/in a sequence)
20. Hadith Mudallas (There are two types: (a) narrator did not mention the name of his shaykh and only mention the person before his shaykh by saying 'from' or 'an'. Secondly (b) narrator did not omit his shaykh but mentions only his attributes)
21. Hadith Syaz (narrated by one narrator who is tsiqah/reliable but is contradicting with another chain which is more reliable) 
22. Hadith Maqlub (two types: narrators got mixed up/chain of narrations got mixed up from the originals)
23. Hadith Fard (hadith involving only one reliable narrator e.g. the hadith from Saidina Umar r.a. on Innamal a'mmalu bin niyyat/Indeed all actions are based on the intentions. Or it can be a hadith that is attributed to a certain group of people e.g. narrators happen to be from the same area.)
24. Hadith Mu'alal (hadith that contains a hidden flaw)
25. Hadith Mudhtarib (hadith whose chain or contents are contradicting. This is considered hadith dhaif)
26. Hadith Mudraj (a hadith that contains a new word/phrase added to it or narrator added to the chain)
27. Hadith Mudabbaj (hadith narrated by people of the same age/their contemporaries)
28. Hadith Muttafiq (hadith narrated by narrator whose spelling of his name and pronunciation are the same)
29. Hadith Muftariq (opposite of Hadith Muttafiq)
30. Hadith Mu'talif (the spelling of the narrators' names are the same but they are different people e.g. they were at least five people named Anas bin Malik)
31. Hadith Mukhtalif (opposite of Hadith Mu'talif)
32. Hadith Munkar (narrated by unacceptable/dhaif narrator and contradicts with another tsiqa/reliable narrator. This hadith is of the lowest degree in the category of Hadith Dhaif)  

May I be forgiven for any errors. Please always refer to your shaykh/guide. And I sure hope I won't be bombarded with questions about the nitty gritty of the above. LOL. Am merely putting it on record here for my own reference and share a bit as instructed by Shaykh Dr Hisham.  

Shaykh Dr Hisham also granted the class with ijazah for Imam Nawawi's Forty Hadith with sanad that is Aliy. That is one more precious present for yours truly, today. YaHuuu!

Alhamdulillahi hamdan yuwafi niámahu wa yukafi u mazidah.
Allah is indeed Most Compassionate and Most Generous. 

It does not matter that some self-righteous women had ridiculed me and even called me bohsia (slut). Let the mortals dishonor us as we rejoice in having Allah and the Prophet (s.a.w) honor us with the best of gifts! 
: D

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